Center for Migration and Refugee Studies

Second Author's Department

Center for Migration and Refugee Studies

Third Author's Department

Center for Migration and Refugee Studies

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Date



Transit countries are way stations or stopping points in the journey of migrants and refugees from their countries of origin to their intended destination countries. Many migrants and refugees become ‘stuck’, often for years, unable to either move onward or to return to their home countries. They may be blocked by the inability to gather the funds needed for travel, or by hazardous travel conditions or by immigration policy shifts (such as resettlement policy). This study sought to fill gaps in our knowledge about the livelihoods of refugees in the urban centers of transit countries. ‘Stuck’ migrants engage in a range of social and economic activities that have implications both for their host countries, and, through their transnational links, for their home countries. Migrants in transit cities are linked into wider diaspora networks that help support them and their families and communities back home. Our study explored the significance of these transnational linkages, particularly remittances, for Sudanese migrants in Egypt.