Author's Department

Center for Migration and Refugee Studies

Document Type

News Article

Publication Date



Within the Middle East and North Africa region, Egypt can certainly be considered the number one emigration country in terms of total number of emigrants1 . But even within a larger pool of countries, the developing countries for instance, Egypt still occupies a position within the list of top ten-emigration countries according to the World Bank2 . Egypt is also amongst the top remittance-receiving countries with only thirteen other countries worldwide receiving a higher level of remittances in the year 20103 . While accounts of the actual number of Egyptian migrants vary greatly due to the unavailability of accurate and comprehensive data (estimates range from 3-8 million), there is no doubt that there are millions of highly-skilled Egyptians abroad in both Arab and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries4 . One would assume that much research has gone into exploring the effects of such high levels of highly-skilled emigration on Egypt’s development. However, the reality of the matter is that the relationship between Egyptian emigration and development has not received enough attention.