Stochastic Multi-Objective Vehicle Routing Model in Green Environment With Customer Satisfaction

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Mechanical Engineering Department

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Nayera Elgharably; Said Easa; Ashraf Nassef; Ashraf El Damatty

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems

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The Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP) is one of the most studied combinatorial optimization problems in operations research that are classified as NP-hard. Introducing uncertainty to the problem increases the complexity of solving such problems. Sources of uncertainty in a VRP can be travel times, service times, and unpredictable demands of customers. Ignoring these sources may lead to inaccurate modeling of the VRP. Moreover, the area of green logistics and the environmental issues associated received significant attention. This paper aims to study the stochastic multi-objective Vehicle Routing Problem in a green environment. The stochastic Green VRP (GVRP) presented deals with three objectives simultaneously that consider economic, environmental, and social aspects. First, a new hybrid search algorithm to solve the VRP is presented and validated. The algorithm is then employed to solve the stochastic multi-objective GVRP. Pareto fronts were obtained, and trade-offs between the three objectives are presented. Furthermore, an analysis of the effect of customers’ time window relaxation is presented.

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