Genome-wide association study for systemic lupus erythematosus in an egyptian population
Institute of Global Health & Human Ecology
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Frontiers in Genetics
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility has a strong genetic component. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) across trans-ancestral populations show both common and distinct genetic variants of susceptibility across European and Asian ancestries, while many other ethnic populations remain underexplored. We conducted the first SLE GWAS on Egyptians-an admixed North African/Middle Eastern population-using 537 patients and 883 controls. To identify novel susceptibility loci and replicate previously known loci, we performed imputation-based association analysis with 6,382,276 SNPs while accounting for individual admixture. We validated the association analysis using adaptive permutation tests (n = 109). We identified a novel genome-wide significant locus near IRS1/miR-5702 (Pcorrected = 1.98 × 10-8) and eight novel suggestive loci (Pcorrected < 1.0 × 10-5). We also replicated (Pperm < 0.01) 97 previously known loci with at least one associated nearby SNP, with ITGAM, DEF6-PPARD and IRF5 the top three replicated loci. SNPs correlated (r 2 > 0.8) with lead SNPs from four suggestive loci (ARMC9, DIAPH3, IFLDT1, and ENTPD3) were associated with differential gene expression (3.5 × 10-95 < p < 1.0 × 10-2) across diverse tissues. These loci are involved in cellular proliferation and invasion-pathways prominent in lupus and nephritis. Our study highlights the utility of GWAS in an admixed Egyptian population for delineating new genetic associations and for understanding SLE pathogenesis.
Elghzaly AA, Sun C, Looger LL, Hirose M, Salama M, Khalil NM, Behiry ME, Hegazy MT, Hussein MA, Salem MN, Eltoraby E, Tawhid Z, Alwasefy M, Allam W, El-Shiekh I, Elserafy M, Abdelnaser A, Hashish S, Shebl N, Shahba AA, Elgirby A, Hassab A, Refay K, El-Touchy HM, Youssef A, Shabacy F, Hashim AA, Abdelzaher A, Alshebini E, Fayez D, El-Bakry SA, Elzohri MH, Abdelsalam EN, El-Khamisy SF, Ibrahim S, Ragab G, Nath SK. Genome-wide association study for systemic lupus erythematosus in an egyptian population. Front Genet. 2022 Oct 17;13:948505. doi: 10.3389/fgene.2022.948505. PMID: 36324510; PMCID: PMC9619055.