Thermosensitive Liposomes Encapsulating Nedaplatin and Picoplatin Demonstrate Enhanced Cytotoxicity against Breast Cancer Cells
Thermosensitive liposomes (TSL) have been used for localized temperature-responsive release of chemotherapeutics into solid cancers, with a minimum of one invention currently in clinical trials (phase III). In this study, TSL was designed using a lipid blend comprising 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC), cholesterol, and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[maleimide(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DSPE-PEG-2000) (molar ratio of 88:9:2.8:0.2). Either nedaplatin (ND) or p-sulfonatocalixarene-nedaplatin was encapsulated in the aqueous inner layer of TSL to form (ND-TSL) or p-SC4-ND-TSL, respectively. The hydrophobic platinum-based drug picoplatin (P) was loaded into the external lipid bilayer of the TSL to develop P-TSL. The three nanosystems were studied in terms of size, PDI, surface charge, and on-shelf stability. Moreover, the entrapment efficiency (EE%) and release % at 37 and 40 °C were evaluated. In a 30 min in vitro release study, the maximum release of ND, p-SC4-ND, and picoplatin at 40 °C reached 74, 79, and 75%, respectively, compared to approximately 10% at 37 °C. This demonstrated temperature-triggered drug release from the TSL in all three developed systems. The designed TSL exhibited significant in vitro anticancer activity at 40 °C when tested on human mammary gland/breast adenocarcinoma cells (MDA-MB-231). The cytotoxicity of ND-TSL, p-SC4-ND-TSL, and P-TSL at 40 °C was approximately twice those observed at 37 °C. This study suggests that TSL is a promising nanoplatform for the temperature-triggered release of platinum-based drugs into cancer cells.
Fahmy SA, Preis E, Dayyih AA, Alawak M, El-Said Azzazy HM, Bakowsky U, Shoeib T. Thermosensitive Liposomes Encapsulating Nedaplatin and Picoplatin Demonstrate Enhanced Cytotoxicity against Breast Cancer Cells. ACS Omega. 2022 Nov 7;7(46):42115-42125. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.2c04525