Coherence-induced quantum forces
Physica B: Condensed Matter
We introduce a model that explains the phenomenon of correlation-assisted tunneling and puts it in a broader context. This model assumes the existence of an effective force of pure quantum nature between nearby fragments of correlated matter that results due to interference effects. The magnitude of this force depends on the amount of coherence between different locations; it attains a maximum value for fragments in a perfect superfluid state and disappears entirely when the fragments are in the Mott Insulator state. The force can also be explained in terms of the Bohmian quantum potential. We illustrate the implications of this force on the transport of cold atoms through simple potential structures, the triple-well harmonic trap and optical lattices.
Tarek A. Elsayed, Coherence-induced quantum forces, Physica B: Condensed Matter, Volume 650, 2023, 414515, ISSN 0921-4526, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2022.414515