ﻣﺴﺮﺡ ﺍﻷﻗﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﺴﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻬﻮﺭﻳﻦ: ﻭﺍﺗﺴﻮﻧﭭﻴﻞ ﻟﻠﻜﺎﺗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺷﻴﺮﻱ ﻣﻮﺭﺍﺟﺎ / Minority Theater and Literature of the Oppressed: Cherríe Moraga's "Watsonville"


Areeg Ibrahim



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Ibrahim, Areeg; ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ, ﺃﺭﻳﺞ

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Research Article

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Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

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[ﺑﺮﺯﹶ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺭُ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻟﻌﺒﺘﻪ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻜﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺨﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺮﺣﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﺍﺯﻳﻠﻲ ﺃﻭﺟﺴﺘﻮ ﺑﻮﺍﻝ ﻭﻣﻨﻬﺠﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﻪ ﻣﺴﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﻬﻮﺭﻳﻦ، ﺣﻴﺚ ﻧﺠﺢ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺮﺣﻲ ﻋﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺒﺴﻄﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻬﻤﺸﻴﻦ. ﻭﺗﺘﺨﺬ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔﹸ ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﻱ ﻷﻭﺟﺴﺘﻮ ﺑﻮﺍﻝ ﻣﺮﺟﻌﻴﺔﹰ ﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺮﺣﻴﺔ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻗﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ، ﻣﺮﻛﺰﺓﹰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﻭﺭﹺﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺛﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺮﺡ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﻭﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﹺﺃ ﻋﻤﺎﻟﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺮﺣﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺻﻴﺎﻏﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﺑﻮﺻﻔﻬﺎ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﹰ ﺃﺭﺣﺐ، ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺛﺮﺍﺅﻩ ﻓﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻌﺎﺑﻪ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎﹰ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎﺕ. ﻭﺗﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺴﺮﺣﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺗﺴﻮﻧﭭﻴﻞ: ﻣﻜﺎﻥﹲ ﺁﺧﺮ، ﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﻜﺎﺗﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻴﻜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺷﻴﺮﻱ ﻣﻮﺭﺍﺟﺎ ﺑﻮﺻﻔﻬﺎ ﻧﻤﻮﺫﺟﺎﹰ . The work of Augusto Boal has focused on the oppressed. His manifesto Theatre 0f the Oppressed and his methodology can be considered a starting point for examining the role playedby the theater of minorities living in US society. This article analyzes patterns of change offered by the theater of the marginalized, with particular emphasis on Hispanic Americans and Cherrie Moraga’s Watsonville: Some Place Not Here——a play by a Chicana writer. In doing so, the article explores the role of the theater of the oppressed in contributing to the transformation of American society and bringing minorities from the periphery to the center.]

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