ﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﻟﻮﻛﻠﺰﻳﻮ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﻴﻦ / A Reading of Le Clézio's Works on Native Americans


Amira El-Zein



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El-Zein, Amira; ﺍﻟﺰﻳﻦ, ﺃﻣﻴﺮﺓ

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Research Article

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Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

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[ﺗﻌﺎﻟﺞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ "ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺪﻳﺔ" ﻟﻠﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻧﺴﻲ ﺟﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺭﻱ ﻏﻮﺳﺘﺎﻑ ﻟﻮﻛﻠﺰﻳﻮ ﺍﻟﺤﺎﺋﺰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺟﺎﺋﺰﺓ ﻧﻮﺑﻞ ﻟﻶﺩﺍﺏ ﻟﻌﺎﻡ ٢٠٠٨. ﻭﻳﺘﺒﻨﹼﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺰﺀ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻭﺭ ﻣﺤﻠﹼﻼﹰ ﺃﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺃﺛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻟﻮﻛﻠﺰﻳﻮ ﻣﺜﻞ: ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺪﺱ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﻹﺳﺒﺎﻥ، ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺪﻱ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻷﻟﻮﻫﺔ ﻭﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ، ﺍﻟﻤﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺪﻱ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻟﻼﻣﺮﺋﻲ، ﺯﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺮﻱ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻓﻘﻲ ﺍﻹﺳﺒﺎﻧﻲ، ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﻬﻨﺪﻱ ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﺛﺮﺛﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺤﺪﺍﺛﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ. ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺠﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ، ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺒﺔ ﺑﺘﺮﺟﻤﺔ ﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻣﺪﻥ ﻣﻘﺪﺳﺔ ﻟﻠﻮﻛﻠﺰﻳﻮ، ﺛﻢ ﺗﺘﻄﺮﻕ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻔﻜﺮ ﻟﻮﻛﻠﺰﻳﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻲ . This article analyzes the "Indian" works of the French author, Jean-Marie—Gustave Le Clézio, recipient of the Nobel Prize in 2008. In the first part, the article adopts a thematic approach interpreting the seminal issues that were treated by Le Clézio such as the different concepts of sacredness in Native American culture and in Spanish culture, the communication with nature and with divinity, the view on the unseen realm, linear time versus cyclical time, and the notion of silence versus noise in western modernity. In the second part, the author translates passages from Le Clézio’s Trois villes saintes, accompanied by a close reading which revisits the themes mentioned above.]

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