Title

Areas of Concern: Area Studies and the New American Studies / ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﻘﻠﻘﺔ: " ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ " ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ

Authors

John Carlos Row

Program

ALIF

Find in your Library

http://www.jstor.org/stable/23216046

All Authors

Rowe, John Carlos; ﺭﻭ, ﺟﻮﻥ ﻛﺎﺭﻟﻮﺱ

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

Publication Date

2011

Abstract

[The new American Studies encompasses the various nations and communities in the Western Hemisphere and studies them in comparative, transnational, and, in some cases, "postnational" contexts. The field also deals with the global influences of these "Americas" and Canada, especially the powerful impact of the US around the world. It thus faces increasing opposition from traditional American Studies and "area studies" specialists in Latin American, Middle Eastern, Asian, and other disciplinary areas established at the beginning of World War II by the Ethnogeographic Board, an alliance of independent foundations, scholars, and governmental institutions. This article traces the historical consequences of the Ethnogeographic Board's work and how the new American Studies might overcome the provincialism of the "area studies" model. ﺗﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻧﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻲ، ﺩﺍﺭﺳﺔﹰ ﺇﻳﺎﻫﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺳﻴﺎﻗﺎﺕ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﻭﻋﺒﺮ-ﻗﻮﻣﻴﺔ ﻭﺃﺣﻴﺎﻧﺎﹰ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ-ﻗﻮﻣﻴﺔ. ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺗﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﻟﻤﻴﺔ ﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﻭﻛﻨﺪﺍ، ﻭﺑﺨﺎﺻﺔ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻱ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻢ. ﺗُﻘﺎﺑَﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺑﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﺭﺿﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﻭﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺇﻗﻠﻴﻢ ﻣﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺑ" ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ " ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺘﻤﺤﻮﺭ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﻟﻼﺗﻴﻨﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺳﻄ ﺃﻭﺁﺳﻴﺎ، ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻘﻰ ﻣﻌﺎﺭﺿﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﻣﺘﺨﺼﺼﻴﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺃﺳﺴﻬﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﻹﺛﻨﻮ-ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻲ، ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺜﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﻴﺔ.ﻭﺗﺮﺻﺪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺒﻌﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺨﻴﺔ ﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺠﻠﺲ ﺍﻹﺛﻨﻮ-ﺟﻐﺮﺍﻓﻲ ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻟﻠﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺗﺨﻄﻲ ﺇﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻮﺫﺝ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﺪ ﻓﻲ ﺣﻘﻞ " ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ ."]

First Page

11

Last Page

34

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