التداخل النصي في ﺍﻟﻘَﺼﺺ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟّﻪ إلى الأطفال: المسيري والشاروني نموذجين / Intertextuality in Children's Literature: Elmessiri and Al-Sharuni as Examples


Saeed Alwakeel



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الوكيل, سعيد; Alwakeel, Saeed

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

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[This article is based on the idea that intertextuality is, by definition, a feature of literature itself. It suggests that analyzing texts addressed to children presupposes that such an addressee imposes a number of restrictions on the author, who purposefully adheres to these criteria in order to achieve her/his desired goals in writing for children, as well as the approval of educational institutions. This is the context within which this article progresses, examining selected texts by two authors who base their work on theoretical concepts that view children as the catalyst for social change: Abdel Wahab Elmessiri and Ya'qub Al-Sharuni. ﺗﻨﺒﻨﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻲ ﻳﻨﺘﻤﻲ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﺫﺍﺗﻪ، ﻭﺃﻥ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻮﺟﱠﻪ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﺎﹰ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻳﻔﺘﺮﺽ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺤﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻠﻘﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻮ ﻳﻔﺮﺽ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺪﻉ ﻛﺜﻴﺮﺍﹰ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻮﺩ٠ ﻓﺎﻟﻜﺎﺗﺐ ﻳﻠﺘﺰﻡ ﺑﻬﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺎﻳﻴﺮ ﻋﻤﺪﺍﹰ، ﻟﻴﺤﻘﻖ ﺍﻷﻫﺪﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻐﻴﺎﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﻟﻸﻃﻔﺎﻝ، ﻭﻟﻴﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻮﻳﺔ٠ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺘﺤﺮﻙ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ، ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻧﻤﺎﺫﺝ ﻣﺨﺘﺎﺭﺓ ﻟﻜﺎﺗﺒﻴﻦ ﻣﺼﺮﻳﻴﻦ ﻳﺴﺘﻨﺪﺍﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻓﻜﺎﺭ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﺗﺒﺘﻐﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﺑﻮﺻﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺍﺓ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺮ: ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﻫﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻴﺮﻱ ﻭﻳﻌﻘﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺭﻭﻧﻲ٠]

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