Title

الطفل العربي بين الشرق والغرب: قراءة في "آل شمشون" و"عالم سمسم" و" ﺑﻜّﺎﺭ / The Arab Child Between East and West: A Reading of Al Shamshun, 'Alam Simsim, and Bakkar

Authors

Mounira Soliman

Program

ALIF

Find in your Library

http://www.jstor.org/stable/30197988

All Authors

سليمان, منيرة; Soliman, Mounira

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

Publication Date

2007

Abstract

[This article explores the continued Western influence upon Arabic children's literature, addressed to different age groups, and the various forms of such an influence, as well as ways of subverting it. The article offers a reading of three works, namely, the two cartoon series Al Shamshun and Bakkar; and the children's program 'Alam Simsim against the notions of ' Cultural Hegemony, 'Acculturation, ' and ' Creativity, ' with Al Shamshun being a clear example of the negative impact of cultural hegemony; Bakkar an exemplary creative experience that managed to attract the child with its particular distinctiveness, and finally, 'Alam Simsim an in-between point that attempts to merge these two notions through the process of acculturation. ﺗﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺍﻷﺟﻨﺒﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﻂﻔﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ، ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺨﺎﻃﺐ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﻋﻤﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗﺔ، ﻭﺍﻷﺷﻜﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻟﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﺛﻴﺮ، ﻭﺃﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﺪﻱ ﻟﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻗﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺗﻨﺪﺭﺝ ﺗﺤﺖ ﻣﻈﻠﺔ ﺃﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻭﻫﻲ: ﻣﺴﻠﺴﻼﹰ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﺤﺮﻛﺔ ﺁﻝ ﺷﻤﺸﻮﻥ ﻭﺑﻜّﺎﺭ ﻭﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺳﻤﺴﻢ٠ ﻭﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ ﻫﻲ: ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ، ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜﺎﻗﻒ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺯﺝ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻲ، ﻭﺃﺧﻴﺮﺍﹰ، ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﻹﺑﺪﺍﻉ٠ ﻓﻤﺴﻠﺴﻞ ﺁﻝ ﺷﻤﺸﻮﻥ ﻳﻌﺘﺒﺮ ﻣﺜﺎﻻﹰ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺎﹰ ﻟﻤﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻬﻴﻤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﺗﺒﻌﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﺒﻴﺔ٠ ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﺪ ﻣﺴﻠﺴﻞ ﺑﻜﱠﺎﺭ ﺗﺠﺮﺑﺔ ﺇﺑﺪﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻋﺖ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺘﺤﻮﺫ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﺑﺎﺗﺴﺎﻗﻬﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻲ ﻟﻠﻄﻔﻞ٠ ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﺞ ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺳﻤﺴﻢ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻧﻘﻄﺔ ﻭﺳﻂ ﺗﺤﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﺧﺬ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﻭﺍﻹﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺑﻠﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺜﺎﻗﻒ٠]

First Page

105

Last Page

122

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