تطور ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ البطولة في قصص ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ المصرية / The Development of the Concept of Heroism in Egyptian Children's Literature


Nadia El Kholy



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الخولي, نادية; El Kholy, Nadia

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

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[This article provides an overview of the concept of heroism and its basic characteristics in Egyptian children's literature. It attempts to depict the development of the image of the hero and its various typologies, in accordance with the story's context and content. The article reveals that bravery and chivalry are two fundamental characteristics around which children's and young adults' narratives center in the formation of the idea of the invincible hero. This idealistic portrayal of the hero has contributed to augmenting children's fondness of heroism and adventure. However, it has taken various manifestations and been influenced by numerous social, cultural, and political variables, which call for analysis. ﺗﺴﺘﻌﺮﺽ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻮﻟﺔ ﻭﺳﻤﺎﺗﻬﺎ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﺩﺏ ﺍﻻﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺮﻱ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺤﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﻟﺮﺻﺪ ﺗﻄﻮﺭ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻂﻞ ﻭﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺃﻧﻤﺎﻃﻪ، ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎﹰ ﻣﻊ ﺳﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﺎﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻀﻤﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻮﺟﻪ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺍﺀ٠ ﻭﻳﺘﻀﺢ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻗﺼﺺ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﻟﺖ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻮﻟﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﻣﺔ ﺻﻔﺘﺎﻥ ﺃﺳﺎﺳﻴﺘﺎﻥ ﻳﺮﺗﻜﺰﻋﻠﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﺧﻴﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷﺌﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﻜﻮﻳﻦ ﻓﻜﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳُﻘﻬﺮ، ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻀﺤﻲ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺤﻴﻞ، ﻭﻳﻨﺠﺢ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﻪ٠ ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺜﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻞ ﺳﺎﻫﻤﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺷﻐﻒ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺎﺭ ﺑﻘﺼﺺ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﻮﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻐﺎﻣﺮﺓ، ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﺍﺗﺨﺬﺕ ﺃﺷﻜﺎﻻﹰ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ ﻭﺗﺄﺛﺮﺕ ﺑﻤﺘﻐﻴﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺛﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ ﻭﺳﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﺘﺪﻋﻲ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺤﻠﻴﻞ٠]

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