المنهج العلمي ﻟﻠﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻣﻄﺒﻘﺎً على تعليم ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ / Scientific Pedagogy as Applied to Child Education



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ﻣﻮﻧﺘﻴﺴﻮﺭﻱ, ﻣﺎﺭﻳﺎ; Montessori, Maria; حبشي, أماني فوزي; Habashi, Amanie Fawzi

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Research Article

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Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

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[This is a translation of chapters five and six of Maria Montessori's Il metodo della pedagogia scientifica applicato all'educazione infantile nelle case dei bambini (The Montessori Method: Scientific Pedagogy as Applied to Child Education in "the Children's Houses"). In chapter five, Montessori discusses her pioneering pedagogy, outlining her reasons for adopting a method of education based on nurturing the freedom of children, and observing their behavior. In chapter six, she offers guidance for the teacher on lesson presentation, emphasizing the importance of teaching children through concise language and meaningful gestures, and drawing attention to the principles of conciseness, simplicity, and objectivity characteristic of her method. ﻫﺬﻩ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﺼﻠﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻣﺲ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺎﺭﻳﺎ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﻴﺴﻮﺭﻱ ﺑﺎﻹﻳﻄﺎﻟﻴﺔ، ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﺒﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﻐﺎﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻴﻮﺕ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ٠ ﺗﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﻴﺴﻮﺭﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺨﺎﻣﺲ ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺑﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺋﺪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺑﻴﺔ، ﻭﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻟﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻭﻣﻼﺣﻈﺔ ﺗﺼﺮﻓﺎﺗﻬﻢ٠ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﻮﻧﺘﻴﺴﻮﺭﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ ﺩﻟﻴﻼﹰ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻋﻄﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ، ﻣﺆﻛﺪﺓ ﺃﻫﻤﻴﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﻟﻐﺔ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻭﺇﻳﻤﺎﺀﺍﺕ ﺩﺍﻟﺔ، ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺘﻌﺮﺽ ﺃﻳﻀﺎﹰ ﻟﻠﻤﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻴﻮﺕ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺴﺎﻃﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﻴﺔ٠]

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