Title

Razing Child Soldiers / ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺭﺏ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺤﻮ

Program

ALIF

Find in your Library

http://www.jstor.org/stable/30197979

All Authors

Monforte, Tanya M.; ﻣﻮﻧﻔﻮﺭﺕ, ﺗﺎﻧﻴﺎ

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

Publication Date

2007

Abstract

[This article traces the usages of the term 'the child' as a legal concept set in dialectical relationships on three levels of narrative. First, the emergence of the child in international law is described and read critically as a progress narrative imparting a tale of the historical emergence of children's rights. The second section examines the text of the "Child Soldiers Case" in Sierra Leone as a moment of confronting, and ultimately repressing, the 'child soldier' as a legal fiction. The third section attempts to locate the dislocated author and addressee of the primary narratives of the child soldiers' story, and draws out the uses of childhood as a rhetorical stabilizer in the absolute unstable: war. ﺗﺘﺒﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﻟﻔﻆ " ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ " ﻛﻤﻔﻬﻮﻡ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻲ ﻓﻲ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺟﺪﻟﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻳﺎﺕ ﺳﺮﺩﻳﺔ٠ ﻳﻮﺿّﺢ ﺍﻟﺠﺰﺀ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻲ، ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻮﺻَﻒ ﻭﻳﻘﺮﺃ ﻧﻘﺪﻳﺎﹰ ﻛﺴﺮﺩﻳﺔ ﺗﻔﺼﺢ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻧﺸﺄﺓ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻭﺗﻄﻮﺭﻫﺎ٠ ﻭﻳﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺠﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻲ ﻗﻀﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺭﺏ ﻓﻲ ﺳﻴﺮﺍﻟﻴﻮﻥ ﻛﻠﺤﻈﺔ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺛﻢّ ﻛﻤﺤﻮٍ ﻟﻠﻄﻔﻞ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺭﺏ ﺑﻮﺻﻔﻪ ﺃﺳﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﺔ، ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺘﻢ ﺗﻤﺜﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻞ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻧﻮﻧﻴﻴﻦ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺸﺎﻑ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺘﻪ٠ ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﺠﺰﺀ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﻓﻴﺤﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﻃِﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺨﺎﻃَﺐ ﻓﻲ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﺭﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳﻴﺔ، ﻣﺒﻴﻨﺎﹰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻄﻔﻮﻟﺔ ﻛﻤﻴﺰﺍﻥ ﺑﻼﻏﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻼﺗﻮﺍﺯﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﻄﻠﻖ، ﺃﻱ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺤﺮﺏ٠]

First Page

169

Last Page

208

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