Owen Jones: Travel and Vision of the Orient / ﺃﻭﻳﻦ ﺟﻮﻧﺰ: ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﻭﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ


Sarah Searight



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Searight, Sarah; ﺳﻴﺮﺍﻳﺖ, ﺳﺎﺭﺓ

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Research Article

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Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

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[The British architect Owen Jones (1809-1874) was a major influence on British design and decoration in the mid-nineteenth century. Many of his ideas, particularly concerning color and pattern, were derived from a visit he paid to Egypt in 1832-1833, taking him up the Nile as far as the second cataract, and to southern Spain in 1833-1834 and 1837 where he was profoundly affected by the Alhambra. Jones was working in a period of great interest in the science as in the aesthetics of color. However, there were often loud protests at the strong colors he insisted on using and it is interesting to compare them with similar protests today when 'Victorian' color schemes (often Jones-inspired) are restored. ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻲ ﺃﻭﻳﻦ ﺟﻮﻧﺰ(١٨٠٩-١٨٧٤) ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻤﻴﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺰﺧﺮﻓﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻨﺘﺼﻒ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ٠ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﻜﺎﺭﻩ٬ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻣﺎﺕ٬ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺣﻠﺔ ﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺼﺮ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﻲ ١٨٣٢ ﻭ١٨٣٣؛ ﻭﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺯﺍﺭ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺟﻨﻮﺏ ﺇﺳﺒﺎﻧﻴﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻋﺎﻣﻲ ١٨٣٣ ﻭ٬١٨٣٤ ﺛﻢ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ٠١٨٣٧ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺟﻮﻧﺰ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻲ ﻓﺘﺮﺓ ﺗﻤﻴﺰﺕ ﺑﺎﻻﻫﺘﻤﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻭﺟﻤﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﻥ٠ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﻮﺑﻠﺖ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺮﺓ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺈﺻﺮﺍﺭﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﻟﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﻗﻌﺔ٬ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺮﺍﺿﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﻧﺴﻤﻌﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺑﺼﺪﺩ ﺍﻷﻟﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺗﺮﻣﻴﻢ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﺮ ﺍﻟﭭﻴﻜﺘﻮﺭﻱ (ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮﺣﺎﺓ ﻓﻲ ﻛﺜﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻮﻧﺰ ﺫﺍﺗﻪ)٠]

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