Trans-Saharan Migration and the Colonial Gaze: The Nigerians in Egypt / ﺍﻟﻬﺠﺮﺓ ﻋﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻟﻮﻧﻴﺎﻟﻴﺔ: ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺠﻴﺮﻳﻮﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺼﺮ


Terence Walz



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Walz, Terence; ﻭﺍﻟﺰ, ﺗﻴﺮﻳﻨﺲ

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Research Article

Publication Title

Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

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[Gordon James Lethem, a colonial officer in the Nigerian service, visited Egypt in 1925 to investigate the small community of Nigerians, called Takarir, to see if and how they were influencing the political and religious climate in Nigeria, specifically the states of its Muslim north. Lethem focused on the Nigerians studying at al-Azhar mosque and those who grouped around the zawiya in the Mugharbalin quarter of Cairo-both benefiting from a waqf established by a former slave. Lethem's portrait of the community is full of colonial disdain. Takarir (sing. Takruri) had been coming to Egypt for almost a thousand years for study, trade, and sometimes to serve as slaves, suffering as well as enjoying a wide variety of fates. ﺯﺍﺭ ﺟﻮﺭﺩﻭﻥ ﺟﻴﻤﺲ ﻟﻴﺜﺎﻡ - ﺍﻟﻀﺎﺑﻁ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻟﻮﻧﻴﺎﻟﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺠﻴﺮﻳﺔ - ﻣﺼﺮ ﻓﻲ ﻋﺎﻡ ١٩٢٥ ﻛﻤﻔﺘﺶ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺠﻴﺮﻳﻴﻦ - ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺮﻭﻓﻴﻦ ﺑ"ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺎﺭﻳﺮ" (ﺟﻤﻊ ﺗﻜﺮﻭﺭﻱ) - ﺍﻟﺼﻐﻴﺮ ﻟﻠﺒﺤﺚ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺪﻯ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺎﺥ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﻲ ﺑﻨﻴﺠﻴﺮﻳﺎ٬ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻝ٠ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺭﻛﺰ ﻟﻴﺜﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﻼﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﻴﺠﻴﺮﻳﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻳﺪﺭﺳﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﺠﺎﻣﻊ ﺍﻷﺯﻫﺮ ﻭﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺗﻤﺮﻛﺰﻭﺍ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺯﺍﻭﻳﺔ ﺑﺤﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺮﺑﻠﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ٠ ﻭﻳﺮﺳﻢ ﻟﻴﺜﺎﻡ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﹰ ﻟﻤﺠﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﻠﺊ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻌﺎﻟﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻟﻮﻧﻴﺎﻟﻲ٠ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺎﺭﻳﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺼﺮ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺣﻮﺍﻟﻲ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻟﻠﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﺃﺣﻴﺎﻧﺎ ﹰﻛﺮﻗﻴﻖ٬ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﻴﻦ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺍﻷﻗﺪﺍﺭ٠]

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