Title

Authentication and quality control determination of maple syrup: A comprehensive review

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https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2021.103901

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Journal of Food Composition and Analysis

Publication Date

7-1-2021

doi

10.1016/j.jfca.2021.103901

Abstract

Maple syrup a natural sweetener is obtained by boiling the sap drained from Acer saccharum L. tree and other maple species. Worldwide, maple syrup is produced only in Northeastern America, primarily in the province of Quebec (Canada), followed by the United States of America. Maple syrup is the most commonly used formula of maple-derived foods due to its economic and nutritional value being a rich source of natural phenolic compounds like acids, flavonoids, stilbenes, coumarins and furan derivatives along with vitamins, amino acids, organic acids, simple sugars as well as complex carbohydrates. This review aims to pinpoint the different analytical approaches applied for the quality control of maple syrup are based on their physical and chemical properties; moreover, the authentication methods and detection of adulteration were also highlighted. Such a review of quality control could be further applied for other syrup types of similar matrix composition (i.e., sugarcane).

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