The impact of the CEO's personal narcissism on non-GAAP earnings
University of Southern California
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Non-GAAP earnings provide managers the flexibility to exclude GAAP items to either produce a more informative performance measure or provide them the ability to opportunistically exclude recurring expenses from non-GAAP earnings. Prior literature examines the use of this form of disclosure at the firm level, although it is ultimately management's decision. We extend prior non-GAAP literature by examining whether the use and quality of non-GAAP earnings is influenced by CEO personality traits, namely, CEO narcissism. We find that narcissistic CEOs are more likely to exclude expenses from non-GAAP earnings and that the magnitude of exclusions is greater. We also find that those non-GAAP exclusions are more persistent and, thus, lower-quality. Our results shed light on the disclosure practice of non-GAAP earnings and show how narcissistic CEOs are more likely to take advantage of the discretion in financial reporting disclosures in order to benefit the firm and themselves.
(2021). The impact of the CEO's personal narcissism on non-GAAP earnings. Accounting Review, 96(3), 1–25.
Abdel-Meguid, Ahmed, et al.
"The impact of the CEO's personal narcissism on non-GAAP earnings." Accounting Review, vol. 96,no. 3, 2021, pp. 1–25.