Title

Effect of radiotherapy on the gut microbiome in pediatric cancer patients: A pilot study

Author's Department

Biotechnology Program

Second Author's Department

Biotechnology Program

Find in your Library

https://peerj.com/articles/7683/

All Authors

Nourhan Sahly; Ahmed Moustafa; Mohamed Zaghloul; Tamer Z. Salem

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

PeerJ

Publication Date

1-1-2019

doi

https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7683

Abstract

The incidence of pediatric cancer is lower than that of adult cancer worldwide. However, the former has detrimental side effects on the health of individuals, even after the cancer is cured, due to the impact of treatment on development. Recently, correlations have been made between the gut microbiome and cancer in several studies but only on adult participants. There is always a complication of dealing with pediatric cancer treatment protocols because they usually include a combination of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and intensive prophylactic antibiotics. In the current study, a pilot study was conducted to analyze ten fecal samples from three pediatric cancer patients, suffering from rhabdomyosarcoma near their pelvic region, and two healthy individuals. A correlation between microbial composition and response to treatment was reported, in which the responders had generally a lower microbial diversity compared to non-responders. In addition, nucleotide changes and deletions in the tested 16S rRNA sequences post radiotherapy were detected. Despite the small sample size used in the experiments due to the uncommon rhabdomyosarcoma in children, the results can help in understanding the influence of radiotherapy on the gut microbiome in pediatric cancer patients. More work with larger sample size and different cancer types need to be conducted to understand the influence of radiotherapy on gut microbiome to mitigate the deleterious impact of radiation on treated children.

First Page

1

Last Page

17

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