Title

Robust in-plane structures oscillation monitoring by terrestrial photogrammetry

Author's Department

Construction Engineering Department

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https://doi.org/10.3390/s20082223

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Sensors (Switzerland)

Publication Date

4-2-2020

doi

10.3390/s20082223

Abstract

© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Oscillation monitoring commonly requires complex setups integrating various types of sensors associated with intensive computations to achieve an adequate rate of observations and accuracy. This research presents a simple, cost-effective approach that allows two-dimensional oscillation monitoring by terrestrial photogrammetry using non-metric cameras. Tedious camera calibration procedures are eliminated by using a grid target that allows geometric correction to be performed to the frame’s region of interest at which oscillations are monitored. Region-based convolutional neural networks (Faster R-CNN) techniques are adopted to minimize the light exposure limitations, commonly constraining applications of terrestrial photogrammetry. The proposed monitoring procedure is tested at outdoor conditions to check its reliability and accuracy and examining the effect of using Faster R-CNN on monitoring results. The proposed artificial intelligence (AI) aided oscillation monitoring allowed sub-millimeter accuracy monitoring with observation rates up to 60 frames per second and gained the benefit of high optical zoom offered by market available bridge cameras to monitor oscillation of targets 100 m apart with high accuracy.

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