A comprehensive wireless sensor network reliability metric for critical Internet of Things applications

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Funding Sponsor

American University in Cairo

Author's Department

Electronics & Communications Engineering Department

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Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking

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© 2017, The Author(s). Evaluating the reliability of a wireless sensor network (WSN) deployment is a highly important task especially when the WSN is used for a critical Internet of Things (IoT) application. In this paper, we introduce a novel comprehensive reliability metric to evaluate the reliability of WSN deployments over their intended mission time. Unlike the existing studies on the topic, the proposed metric takes into account that sensor nodes (SNs) are multi-component systems that are subject to different component failures, namely, sensor, transceiver, processor, and battery failures. Consequently, SNs are modeled as three-mode (on, relay, and off) systems instead of the simplistic two-mode (on and off) model adopted in the existing studies. To calculate the proposed reliability metric in a computationally efficient manner, we develop a search algorithm which generates the complete path set of the given WSN deployment. Extensive experimental results demonstrate the use of the proposed metric in evaluating the reliability of several WSN deployments under different operating conditions. Results also demonstrate the computational efficiency of the developed search algorithm used for calculating the proposed metric and the significant effect of using the proposed three-mode SN model on the accuracy of the evaluated reliability.

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