Title

Comparative Metabolomics Approach Detects Stress-Specific Responses during Coral Bleaching in Soft Corals

Author's Department

Chemistry Department

Find in your Library

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00929

All Authors

Mohamed A. Farag; Achim Meyer; Sara E. Ali; Mohamed A. Salem; Patrick Giavalisco; Hildegard Westphal; Ludger A. Wessjohann

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Journal of Proteome Research

Publication Date

12-31-2018

doi

https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00929

Abstract

Chronic exposure to ocean acidification and elevated sea-surface temperatures pose significant stress to marine ecosystems. This in turn necessitates costly acclimation responses in corals in both the symbiont and host, with a reorganization of cell metabolism and structure. A large-scale untargeted metabolomics approach comprising gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) was applied to profile the metabolite composition of the soft coral Sarcophyton ehrenbergi and its dinoflagellate symbiont. Metabolite profiling compared ambient conditions with response to simulated climate change stressors and with the sister species, S. glaucum. Among ∼300 monitored metabolites, 13 metabolites were modulated. Incubation experiments providing four selected upregulated metabolites (alanine, GABA, nicotinic acid, and proline) in the culturing water failed to subside the bleaching response at temperature-induced stress, despite their known ability to mitigate heat stress in plants or animals. Thus, the results hint to metabolite accumulation (marker) during heat stress. This study provides the first detailed map of metabolic pathways transition in corals in response to different environmental stresses, accounting for the superior thermal tolerance of S. ehrenbergi versus S. glaucum, which can ultimately help maintain a viable symbiosis and mitigate against coral bleaching.

First Page

2060

Last Page

2071

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