Author(s) / Creator(s)

Nouran Ghannam


Political Science Department

Description or Abstract

This paper explores the question of whether the history of Egypt has been repeating itself. Throughout the past 20th century Egypt has been in a continuous cycle of revolutions and authoritarian regimes. Hence, we can never be sure whether the recent 2011 Revolution will lead to something different than the regimes we have seen in the past. Nonetheless, this recent uprising could be the first break from the cycle. First we establish what a revolution and authoritarian regime are, to make sure that this has been true of Egyptian history. We then regimes to see whether there are similarities; thus a repetition of history. We compare revolutions and also look at statistics that show that revolution does not always lead to a democracy, and implement it on the Egyptian model. This research also uses many scholarly and popular sources to compare historic events and see where there is a resemblance in details. In addition, the idea of Egypt's recent revolution being a repeat is apparent in studies which compare it to the Iranian 1979 Revolution. This could be true, but here we compare different episodes from Egypt's own history, since that would be something interesting and worth studying. This research paper, which compares the revolutions and regimes from a little over one century of Egypt's history, could be seen as limited, since the past century has been greatly packed with political events. In the end, it is up to the reader to decide on the research question, and is also important is to build up from this research paper and explore many other different dynamics of Egypt to be able to successfully conclude whether it has been in a repetitive state or not. This paper is just the start.


2011 Egyptian Revolution, Authoritarian regime, Democracy

Faculty Advisor

Gironda, Belle


RHET 201

Content Type



12 p.