Public Policy Hub

Description or Abstract

This policy paper provides a comprehensive overview of the local efforts by the various stakeholders in Egypt to tackle the issue of climate change. It is a well-known fact that the Nile Delta is considered one of the three extremely vulnerable hotspots of climate change (UNDP, 2018). It is evident that the Egyptian government is keen on facing the threats of climate change reflected in the adaptation policies and frameworks which are presented in this paper. Moreover, the paper suggests four policy alternatives that aim to meet the needs of the stakeholders while complying with Egypt’s Vision 2030 and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. These policy options are: Restructuring existing local initiatives, Establishing a unified national certification for the energy and agriculture sectors, Establishing a regional council for climate change communication, and Developing the institutional capacity to lead local climate adaptation efforts. These alternatives are proposed based on research and discussions with concerned officials to reduce the operational gap between different stakeholders and ensure the inclusion, capacity building, communication, and engagement of all the stakeholders. Each policy option was evaluated against six criteria. Accordingly, two of the alternatives were selected and recommended to be adopted by the government.


Climate Change; Localization; COP27; Mitigation; Adaptation

Faculty Advisor

Noura Wahby



Content Type



28 p.


eng|| ara


The Public Policy Hub, GAPP School

Publisher Location

American University at Cairo