The legal basis in Iran and Bahrain whether domestic law or international law regulates and determines the government's attitude and behavior towards its people. At the same time, state's attitude affects the way in which laws are formulated and implemented at the same time. Iran and Bahrain represent two critical examples in addressing the issue of majority and minority rights and the idea of imagining and accepting the other in terms of human rights violations. The inability of imaging the other leads to human rights violations in both states. These violations are committed in one case by a majority towards a minority in the case of Iran and another case by a minority towards the majority in the case of Bahrain. Iran and Bahrain are Islamic states that derive their legislation from Islamic principles. Yet, this has not been the case in dealing with the Sunni Muslims in Iran and the Shi'a Muslims in Bahrain. Iran and Bahrain commit a bundle of human rights violation according to international, domestic and Islamic principles. This paper argues that difficulty of accepting who is different is the foundation for attacking this other and it does not matter whether it is a majority or a minority.


School of Global Affairs and Public Policy

Degree Name

MA in International Human Rights Law

First Advisor

Tanya, Monforte

Document Type



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