This piece focuses on stateless persons outside their country of origin/habitual residence who are now in Egypt. A number of stateless persons have been detained because of their illegal entry into Egypt, and because of their lack of deportability, their detention becomes indefinite. There are also a number of stateless persons who are not under the protection of the UNHCR Cairo living in Cairo, who are at risk of indefinite detention because of their lack of documentation. This is a critical analysis of the UNHCR's role in implementing their mandate, and also an understanding that ultimately it is up to the states to address statelessness. Because local integration is not a long term solution for stateless persons in light of the Egyptian government's Memorandum of Understanding with the UNHCR, and domestic nationality laws, and because many stateless persons are unable to voluntarily repatriate back to their country of origin, this piece suggests that resettlement to a safe third country where naturalization is a possibility, is in theory, the only possibility of a lasting solution for stateless persons in Egypt who are outside of their country of origin/ habitual residence.


School of Global Affairs and Public Policy

Degree Name

MA in International Human Rights Law

First Advisor

Korhonen, Outi

Document Type



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