Intellectual property rights have become an integral issue to international trade due to the pressure from developed countries. Developing countries are usually reluctant to adopt advanced measures of IPR protection because of their limited capacities. However, they have been pressured to accept the TRIPS Agreement as part of the WTO single undertaking. Nevertheless, developed countries are still dissatisfied with the multilateral level of IPR protection. Developed countries are thus pursuing free trade agreements that include IPR measures beyond the TRIPS, known as the TRIPS Plus. The U.S. FTAs are famous with their ambitious TRIPS Plus provisions. Those provisions raise fears in many developing countries about the effects of the TRIPS Plus trends. However, the U.S. has managed to enter into FTAs with many developing countries which are motivated by political and commercial benefits. Egypt has very special relations with the U.S. and thus the possibility of an FTA was examined informally by both countries. These FTA preparations were terminated for undisclosed political reasons. The probability of a sudden revival of the FTA preparations is omnipresent, thus it is precautionary for Egypt to examine its ability to conform to IPR standards in the U.S. FTAs apart from the pressure of negotiations. The Egyptian IPR Law is frequently criticized by many developed countries including the U.S. for non compliance with the TRIPS measures. This paper will study first Egypt's compliance with its international IPR obligations. Second, the paper will provide a legal comparison between the Egyptian Law and the U.S. FTAs, with a special focus on that of Morocco. Third, the paper will examine policy concerns that might hinder Egypt's prospects to join an FTA with the U.S.


Law Department

Degree Name

LLM in International and Comparative Law

Date of Award


Online Submission Date

February 2013

First Advisor

Anderson, Christine

Committee Member 1

Anderson, Christine

Committee Member 2

Thomas, Chantal

Document Type



99 p.


The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy. The author has granted the American University in Cairo or its agents a non-exclusive license to archive this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study, and to make it accessible, in whole or in part, in all forms of media, now or hereafter known.


Not necessary for this item