The available literature on the population growth in the Arab World with a special focus on Egypt, its causes and consequences and the impact of the developmental aspects of globalization such as female education and women empowerment in declining population growth is reviewed with particular reference to definitions and various theories and perspectives behind the idea of person- environment relationship. The aim of the present study is to investigate and offer an explanation of the impact of the developmental aspects of globalization, namely economic and significantly HUMAN development on raising women awareness about their status (social, health, roles), through education and empowerment and its contribution on the decline of fertility rate in the Arab world.

A questionnaire was designed for working females. It was a comparative questionnaire between two categories; richer more educated modem women and poorer less educated traditional women. Its aim was to investigate the impact of education, economic status and modernity on declining population growth. The results indicated that human development is the best solution to declining population growth. The results revealed that more educated, modem and richer women, are more effective in declining population growth than the less educated women.

The results revealed that the main reasons behind the population growth is economic traditional and social exemplified in poverty and its negative impact represented for example in preferring male education to female education and therefore, women's status is diminished in their societies.

The results have also proven that education and women empowerment are very effective factors in declining population growth. Furthermore, the results also indicated that the use of family planning is a vital asset in declining population growth provided that women are educated and aware of their health status and social status in the society. Finally, the result revealed that the decline in population growth is inevitable to take place in societies that provide women empowerment, gender equality and specially through education.

Date of Award


Online Submission Date


First Advisor

Nazek Nosseir

Committee Member 1

Nazek Nosseir

Committee Member 2

Abdullah Donald Cole

Committee Member 3

Sami Omar

Document Type



146 leaves

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1


Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Birth control


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Call Number

Thesis 2005/43



Included in

Anthropology Commons