During the 1960s and 1970s, a number of developing countries have emerged among the top industrializing countries in the world achieving unprecedented growth rates. These countries became known as the Newly Industrializing Countries (NICs) or the Newly Industrializing Economies (NIEs). The interest in interpreting the NICs experience to identify prospects for emulation in other developing countries have led to a surge in the literature examining the role of the state in development and growth. It has been argued that while growth in these countries did not follow a unified path or emerge due to a unified set of factors, there is a common agreement that states, to various degrees, have been transformed to be capable of deriving rapid economic growth. The transformation was manifested in the level of adaptive capacity acquired by the state. The core components of a capable state were manifested in the administrative capacity, policy capacity and public private consultative capacity.
This thesis argues that under since Nasser's time and until the early 1980s, the state has maintained a considerable level of autonomy vis-a'-vis the various factions of capital in the society. While there were instances when the state seemed to be captured by the capitalists' interest, the amount and sources of revenues at the state's disposal and the nature of the capitalist class sustained its autonomy. The economic reforms of the 1990s did not significantly affect the political basis of state autonomy, as the broad sociopolitical context of the Egyptian society did not change. However, the structural changes in the economy necessitated the emergence of new institutional arrangements between the state and the private sector whereby the state can re-position itself from being the main agent for economic growth to a catalyst creating a conducive environment for the private sector to grow. While these institutional arrangements are essential for acquiring the adaptive capacity under transition, they remain underdeveloped in Egypt. The case study of Egypt's Ministry of Foreign Trade and Industry illustrates the strength and weakness of these capacity levels.
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MA in Political Science
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(2006).State capacity under reform: a case study of the adminstrative, policy, and private consultative capacity of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Industry in Egypt [Thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Ghander, Mona Hosny. State capacity under reform: a case study of the adminstrative, policy, and private consultative capacity of the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Industry in Egypt. 2006. American University in Cairo, Thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
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