This thesis attempts to explore the relationship, both real and perceived, between international development donors and NGOs within the Egyptian development context, and examines how the relation affects development work. The interaction with governmental organizations, and how these influence the relationship is also reflected in this study. The research traces the evolution of development theories and foreign aid prior to examining foreign aid in the local Egyptian context and the NGOs working environment.

This research fieldwork was conducted through semi structured interviews and a formal questionnaire, though only a part of the sample answered the questionnaire, on two foreign donors with strong history of dealing directly with NGOs, as well as five umbrella NGOs headquartered in Cairo. The NGOs interviewed were nominated by the donors and include some of the biggest NGOs in Egypt with some of the best local and international linkages.

The major findings of this study concludes that despite the minor improvements in the relationship and the procedures, the relationship is still unequal, with many impediments to the smooth and efficient delivery of services. NGOs find themselves frustrated with and by donor rules and procedures and top down approaches. The problem of development work in Egypt is further compounded by the state rules, procedures and limitations as well as the legislative environment.

Date of Award


Online Submission Date


First Advisor

Maha Abdelrahman

Committee Member 1

Nazek Nosseir

Committee Member 2

Kevin Dwyer

Document Type



158 leaves :

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Economic assistance

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Non-governmental organizations


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Call Number

Thesis 2005/1



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