This thesis examines the National Democratic Party in Egypt (NDP). It assesses the internal dynamics and reforms of the party between 2000 and 2004 and asks to what extent these reforms have influenced the nature and institutionalization of the party. Starting from the emergence of the Egyptian republic, it traces the rise and development of the consecutive single parties under Nasser and the creation of the NDP under Sadat in 1978. This thesis suggests that the reforms of 2000 do not appear to have significantly increased the level of institutionalization of Egypt’s persistently dominant party. It argues that the reforms paved the way for the rise of young political leaders and helped to marginalize the power of the party’s old guard. The thesis concludes by highlighting how the degree of party adaptability may be more conducive to the party’s foreseeable survival than its institutionalization strength.


Middle East Studies Center

Degree Name

MA in Middle East Studies

Date of Award


Online Submission Date


Document Type



106 leaves


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Call Number

Thesis 2004/86