Surface engineering of nanotubular ferric oxyhydroxide “goethite” on platinum anodes for durable formic acid fuel cells
Energy Materials Laboratory
A peerless inexpensive electrochemical engineering of spherical Pt nanoparticles (nano-Pt: ca. 100 nm in average diameter) was achieved with intersected ferric oxyhydroxide nanotubes (α-FeOOH (goethite): ca. 20 nm in average diameter). The FeOOH@Pt catalyst exhibited ca. 2.5 and 1.94-times increases in the catalytic activity and poisoning tolerance, respectively, of the formic acid electro−oxidation (FAO) – the anodic reaction in the direct formic acid fuel cells (DFAFCs). Surprisingly, with a post-activation of the FeOOH@Pt catalyst at 0.48 V vs. reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE) in 0.2 mol L−1 NaOH, a favorable Fe2+/Fe3+ transformation succeeded to eliminate the permanent CO poisoning of Pt that impaired the catalytic performance of DFAFCs. This was synchronized (relatively to nano-Pt) with a four-fold increase in the catalytic efficiency, ca. −174 mV shift in the onset potential, and eightfold enhancement in the catalyst's durability for FAO. The activated FeOOH@Pt catalyst also showed a mass activity of 296 mA mg−1Pt (at 0.8 V), which was ca. nine times higher than that (34 mA mg−1Pt) of the commercial Pt/C catalyst. The ascertained improvement in the electron transfer at the FeOOH@Pt surface foresees quick industrialization for DFAFCs.
(2022). Surface engineering of nanotubular ferric oxyhydroxide “goethite” on platinum anodes for durable formic acid fuel cells. 47(1), 264–275.
Allam, Nageh K., et al.
"Surface engineering of nanotubular ferric oxyhydroxide “goethite” on platinum anodes for durable formic acid fuel cells." vol. 47,no. 1, 2022, pp. 264–275.