Title

ﺍﻷﺭﺷﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺮﻳﺔ / The Arabic Archive of Magic Realism

Program

ALIF

Find in your Library

http://www.jstor.org/stable/23216067

All Authors

Nasser, Tahia Abdel; ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺻﺮ, ﺗﺤﻴﺔ

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

Publication Date

2011

Abstract

[ﺗﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﺔ ﺭﺅﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺩﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺃﺭﺷﻴﻒ ﻋﺮﺑﻲ ﺷﻜﻞ ﻋﻨﺼﺮﺍﹰ ﻣﻬﻤﺎﹰ ﻓﻲ ﺇﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﺍﻟﻼﺗﻴﻨﻴﺔ. ﻭﺗﺤﻠﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻭﻭﻇﻴﻔﺘﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﺑﺪﺍﻉ ﺍﻷﺩﻳﻲ ﻟﻸﺩﻳﺐ ﺍﻷﺭﺟﻨﺘﻴﻨﻲ ﺧﻮﺭﺧﻲ ﻟﻮﻳﺲ ﺑﻮﺭﺧﻴﺲ ﻓﻲ ﻗﺼﺼﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻴﺮﺓ ﻭﻓﻲ ﻇﻞ ﺍﻫﺘﻤﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﻋﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻟﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﻭﺍﺋﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻟﻮﻣﺒﻲ ﺟﺎﺑﺮﻳﻞ ﺟﺎﺭﺳﻴﺎ ﻣﺎﺭﻛﻴﺰ. ﻭﺗﺮﺻﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺒﺔ ﺗﻮﻇﻴﻒ ﺑﻮﺭﺧﻴﺲ ﻟﻤﺮﺟﻌﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﻜﺮ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻂ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﻮﻑ ﻭﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﺔ ﻗﺼﺺ ﺃﻟﻒ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻓﻜﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﻤﻴﺘﺎﻓﻴﺰﻳﻘﻲ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻔﻲ. ﻓﺎﻷﺭﺷﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﺛﺎﺋﻖ ﺍﻷﺩﺑﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺪﺍﺧﻠﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻮﺭﺧﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻤﻴﺰ ﺑﻜﺜﺎﻓﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍﺳﻼﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ، ﻭﺍﻣﺘﺪﺍﺩﺍﹰ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺟﺎﺭﺳﻴﺎ ﻣﺎﺭﻛﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺄﺛﺮ ﺑﻜﺘﺎﺑﺎﺕ ﺑﻮﺭﺧﻴﺲ ﻭﻧﺼﻮﺹ ﻋﺠﺎﺋﺒﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺇﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻛﺘﺸﺎﻑ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ ﻻﺗﻴﻨﻲ . This article argues that the fiction of Latin American magic realism, particularly in Jorge Luis Borges’s short stories and Gabriel García Márquez’s One Hundred Years of Solitude, draws on Arabic sources. An Arabic archive is accumulated through Islamic references in Borges’s stories, and the legacy of The Arabian Nights. Borges conjures a dialogue and a productive literary interchange with Arab Islamic figures, including Averroës, whereas García Márquez—who was influenced by Borges—incorporates from the archive what suits him to express a uniquely Latin American reality.]

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