رمز الخمر ﻓﻲ الشعر العرﺑﻲ القديم / The Symbol of Wine in Classical Arabic Poetry
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Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics
[Wine was a recurrent motif in pre-Islamic and post - Islamic Arabic Poetry. The poetic portrayal of wine, with its suggestive connotations and explicit associations, made it a convenient vehicle and an appropriate symbol for mystics. Through a close reading of relevant verses, the author of the article shows how wine, wine drinkers and wine drinking evoked metonymically (by association) and metaphorically (by analogy) fundamental ambivalences of mysticism, such as time/timelessness, life/death, intoxication/wakefulness; as well as mystic practices: unconventional assertions and brotherhoods (of drinkers). Furthermore, classical Arabic poetry describing wine employed ritual language including "circumambulation", "sacrifice" and "sacred", which prepared wine drinking for its allegorical use later.]
Birairi, M. A.
(1985). رمز الخمر ﻓﻲ الشعر العرﺑﻲ القديم / The Symbol of Wine in Classical Arabic Poetry. Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics, 73–98.
Birairi, Muhammad Ahmad
"رمز الخمر ﻓﻲ الشعر العرﺑﻲ القديم / The Symbol of Wine in Classical Arabic Poetry." Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics, no. 5, 1985, pp. 73–98.