التناص وإشاريات العمل الأدبي / Intertextuality and the Semiotics of the Literary Work


Sabry Hafez



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حافظ, صبرى; Hafez, Sabry

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics

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[Texts do not exist in a vacuum but in an intertextual space made of other texts and cannot be understood outside of this context. Hafez pursues his discussion by presenting Barthes's and Lotman's definitions of the "texts" and presents the various processes of intertextuality mainly: displacement, replacement and sedimentation, as well as concepts of context, space and focus. Intertextuality is not equivalent to the study of sources or influences, rather it pursues the inclusion of anonymous discursive practices, codes whose origin have been lost and that make possible the signifying practice of later texts. Accordingly, semiotics of the literary text cannot be studied without reference to intertextuality; thus it becomes a process of uncovering the other discourses identifiable in and behind a discourse and trying to specify them, as well as trying to specify the discourse it negates. If a true dialogue between East and West is to take place in this intertextual space, it could only take place within the understanding of the dialectics of oral and written traditions. The theory of intertextuality could only benefit from the untying of the mechanisms of such a dialectic in Arab culture. The study of the unique role played by the Qur'an in this culture would uncover new dimensions in the intertextual space: the Qur'an as a written-oral text, a model, an ideal text, a printed and lived text. Hafez presents as a conclusion instances of Arabic Rhetoric related to intertextuality: quotation, allusion, parody, tawlid, mu'arada, etc., and shows how the Arabs were conscious of mechanisms of extra - textuality as well as intra - textuality.]

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