Dual-polarized nanocrescent antenna designed using efficient optimization techniques

Third Author's Department

Physics Department

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Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Applied Optics

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A novel nanocrescent antenna with polarization diversity is introduced. It is formed from a crescent-shaped patch fed with a coupled strip transmission line. The antenna is located on top of a SiO2 thin film with a shielding ground layer underneath. The structure is supported by an arbitrary substrate. Polarization of the radiated field can be adjusted to be along either one of the two orthogonal polarizations based on which one of the two crescent patch modes is going to be excited. The excitation of either one of these two modes of the patch is achieved by switching between the two propagating modes of the feeding coupled strip transmission line. Using a dual-polarized antenna allows doubling the optical communication system’s capacity via frequency reuse. The new crescent antenna dimensions are optimized to satisfy several goals, such as minimizing the losses, the deviation of the main beam direction away from broadside, and maximizing the radiation efficiency and axial ratio. Through the optimization process, simple surrogate kriging models replace the detailed electromagnetic simulation. The optimal response is achieved by applying two different optimizers. The first optimizer employs the design-centering technique using normed distances. The multiobjective particle swarm with the preference ranking organization method for enrichment evaluations is used by the second optimizer. In order to identify the critical dimensions to which the nanoantenna is most sensitive, a sensitivity analysis is used. The optimized antenna is capable of switching its radiation between two orthogonal pure linear polarizations with maximum radiation along the broadside direction. The size of the proposed antenna is about 500 nm × 500 nm. Its impedance-matching bandwidth is higher than 30 THz centered around 193 THz (1550 nm). Its gain and radiation efficiency are higher than 5.2 dBi and 85%, respectively, all over the working frequency band.

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