Title

Evaluating the effects of the preoxidation of H2O2, NaClO, and KMnO4 and reflocculation on the dewaterability of sewage sludge.

Funding Number

2017ZX07602-001

Author's Department

Chemistry Department

Find in your Library

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653519313712?via%3Dihub

All Authors

Hua Wei; Yunong Tang; Tamer Shoeib; Aimin Li; Hu Yang

Document Type

Research Article

Publication Title

Chemosphere

Publication Date

11-30-2019

doi

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.06.131

Abstract

The preoxidation effects of H2O2, NaClO, and KMnO4 on the dewaterability of sewage sludge were compared by analyzing the changes in specific resistance to filtration (SRF), filter cake moisture content (FCMC), extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) fractions and components, and floc properties. The three oxidants varied in oxidation efficiency and exhibited distinctive mechanisms. NaClO not only destroyed sludge flocs and EPSs but also effectively caused cell lysis, resulting in release of a considerable amount of organic matters and subsequently significant deterioration of dewatering performance. The oxidation of H2O2 and KMnO4 was relatively mild and occurred mainly on the outer layers of the sludge flocs and cell-bound EPSs. By contrast, the SRF and FCMC of the sludge conditioned with a low dose of KMnO4 were slightly improved, and a fraction of soluble EPS was compressed because of the coagulation effect of the oxidation product MnO2. The pH of the sludge conditioned with H2O2 and KMnO4 showed no considerable change. Meanwhile, NaClO evidently increased the alkalinity of the sludge because of the hydrolysis effect. After the pH of the NaClO-treated sludge was readjusted to 7.0, the partial protonation efficiency slightly alleviated the deterioration of sludge dewatering performance. The preoxidized sludge was then subjected to reflocculation treatment using FeCl3, polyacrylamide, and a cationic starch-based flocculant, respectively. The combined treatment of preoxidation and reflocculation showed a high dewatering efficiency owing to their synergistic effect.

First Page

942

Last Page

952

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