Party politics, national security, and Ã©migrÃ© political violence in Australia, 1949-1973
From the early 1950 s, Australia's ruling party and internal security agency viewed acts of political violence among Ã©migrÃ© separatist Croatian extremists ambivalently, if not at times favorably. Whereas the state certainly never encouraged or supported acts of terror on the part of Croat Ã©migrÃ©s, neither did it actively pursue a policy of control over the purveyors of that violence. In Australia, as elsewhere, governmental policy toward Croatian Ã©migrÃ© terrorism was driven more by external political considerations than by any desire to control the violence itself. The failure-or indeed refusal-of the Liberal Party and ASIO to exert control over separatist violence can be traced to the very ideological underpinnings of the two bodies, not least their staunch anti-communism. The unprecedented measures to control Croatian terrorism adopted by the Australian Labor Party after 1972, meanwhile, find their roots in part in the political opportunism of a party that had just come to power after enduring a full generation in opposition. The struggle for control over Croatian separatist violence became a struggle for control over much more in Australia: control over the institutions of the state, control over the underlying principles of government and, at its most basic level, control over power. The history of Australia's relationship to Ã©migrÃ© political violence brings into sharp relief the complex relationship between ideology, party politics, institutional dogma, and the control of violence. Â© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Control of Violence: Historical and International Perspectives on Violence in Modern Societies
Wilhelm Heitmeyer; Heinz-Gerhard Haupt; Stefan Malthaner; Andrea Kirschner
New York, NY
(2011).Party politics, national security, and Ã©migrÃ© political violence in Australia, 1949-1973. Springer. , 395-414
TokiÄ‡, Mate Nikola
Party politics, national security, and Ã©migrÃ© political violence in Australia, 1949-1973. Springer, 2011.pp. 395-414