In 2016, the government of the United Kingdom held a referendum on the Kingdom’s membership of the European Union, and the majority of voters supported leaving the Union. To withdraw from the EU, the UK triggered Article 50 of Lisbon Treaty, which marked the beginning of a two-year negotiations’ period between with the EU to agree on various issues related to terms of withdrawal and the UK-EU future relationship after Brexit. The British government has been facing serious challenges in the negotiations’ process as first, The UK’s and EU’s objectives and interests have been different, and second, the British political parties and Members of Parliament have different positions and visions on the terms of withdrawal and their country’s future relationship with Brussels. After 20 months of negotiations that were concluded with an agreement between the UK and the EU on terms of withdrawal and a general framework on their future relations. The future of this agreement and probably, the whole UK-EU future relationship is still unclear due to the persistent divisions among the British parties on one side, and the unwillingness of the EU to make further concessions in the negotiations with the UK on the other side. Relying on a qualitative methodology, mainly document analysis, this research studies the Brexit negotiations in light of these different interests and objectives and the parties’ different positions on Brexit. The study’s main conclusion is that this complex situation may lead the UK leaving the bloc without a deal that regulates the two parties’ future relationship, which is a scenario that none of the parties wants due to its potential negative implications.


Public Policy & Administration Department

Degree Name

MA in Global Affairs

Graduation Date


Submission Date

January 2019

First Advisor

Awad, Ibrahim

Committee Member 1

Ali, Hamid

Committee Member 2

Pinfari, Marco


89 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis


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