This research discusses the role of visual violence as it relates to non-state actors within asymmetric warfare as a form of indirect coercion, siting the logic of Thomas Schelling. It argues that irrationality, as a perception from the state actor toward the non-state actor is a rational approach in order to produce the desired fear and publicity. The amount of fear and publicity is measured by the amount of inhumanity that is presented within the visual narration and the amount of irrational hysteria that comes from the audience. In using a comparative and visual analysis, two non-state actors who utilized visual violence, the Red Brigades and ISIS, have shown varying effects of visual violence on their targeted audience. It concludes that the visual violence, as a concept, being distinguished from its visual component and its violent component, does not have the desired impact unless the image contains the aforementioned features: the perception of irrationality and a high level of inhumanity.
Political Science Department
MA in Political Science
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(2017).Strategic advantages of visual violence [Master's Thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Vigil, Roxanne Brook. Strategic advantages of visual violence. 2017. American University in Cairo, Master's Thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.