Nowadays, the high power density and the process, voltage, and temperature variations became the most critical issues that limit the performance of the digital integrated circuits because of the continuous scaling of the fabrication technology. Dynamic voltage and frequency scaling technique is used to reduce the power consumption while different time relaxation techniques and error recovery microarchitectures are used to tolerate the process, voltage, and temperature variations. These techniques reduce the throughput by scaling down the frequency or flushing and restarting the errant pipeline. This thesis presents a novel resilient microarchitecture which is called ERSUT-based resilient microarchitecture to tolerate the induced delays generated by the voltage scaling or the process, voltage, and temperature variations. The resilient microarchitecture detects and recovers the induced errors without flushing the pipeline and without scaling down the operating frequency. An ERSUT-based resilient 16 Ã— 16 bit MAC unit, implemented using Global Foundries 65 nm technology and ARM standard cells library, is introduced as a case study with 18.26% area overhead and up to 1.5x speedup. At the typical conditions, the maximum frequency of the conventional MAC unit is about 375 MHz while the resilient MAC unit operates correctly at a frequency up to 565 MHz. In case of variations, the resilient MAC unit tolerates induced delays up to 50% of the clock period while keeping its throughput equal to the conventional MAC unitâ€™s maximum throughput. At 375 MHz, the resilient MAC unit is able to scale down the supply voltage from 1.2 V to 1.0 V saving about 29% of the power consumed by the conventional MAC unit. A double-edge-triggered microarchitecture is also introduced to reduce the power consumption extremely by reducing the frequency of the clock tree to the half while preserving the same maximum throughput. This microarchitecture is applied to different ISCASâ€™89 benchmark circuits in addition to the 16x16 bit MAC unit and the average power reduction of all these circuits is 63.58% while the average area overhead is 31.02%. All these circuits are designed using Global Foundries 65nm technology and ARM standard cells library. Towards the full automation of the ERSUT-based resilient microarchitecture, an ERSUT-based algorithm is introduced in C++ to accelerate the design process of the ERSUT-based microarchitecture. The developed algorithm reduces the design-time efforts dramatically and allows the ERSUT-based microarchitecture to be adopted by larger industrial designs. Depending on the ERSUT-based algorithm, a validation study about applying the ERSUT-based microarchitecture on the MAC unit and different ISCASâ€™89 benchmark circuits with different complexity weights is introduced. This study shows that 72% of these circuits tolerates more than 14% of their clock periods and 54.5% of these circuits tolerates more than 20% while 27% of these circuits tolerates more than 30%. Consequently, the validation study proves that the ERSUT-based resilient microarchitecture is a valid applicable solution for different circuits with different complexity weights.
Electronics & Communications Engineering Department
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(2018).Power efficient resilient microarchitectures for PVT variability mitigation [Master’s thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Agwa, Shady. Power efficient resilient microarchitectures for PVT variability mitigation. 2018. American University in Cairo, Master's thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.