The issue of poverty is one of the major obstacles for economic and social development. Also, it is considered one of the key problems that negatively impact global economy. Egypt is one of the countries that suffered from poverty since 1960s. Poverty had widened the gap between the rich and poor. In 1990s, Egypt implemented neoliberal policies- namely structural readjustment and economic liberalization programs- for the sake of enhancing the economy and alleviating poverty. This thesis primarily examines the role of structural readjustment and economic liberalization programs in developing GDP and its negative impact on poverty reduction in Egypt. Furthermore, it discusses key economic policies and pro-poor policies adopted by different regimes in Egypt. The thesis concludes- as per the National Initiative to Develop the Poorest 1000 Villages - that the absence of good governance and rule of law led to the expansion rather than alleviation of poverty in Egypt.


Political Science Department

Degree Name

MA in Political Science

Graduation Date


Submission Date

April 2018

First Advisor

Sika, Nadine

Committee Member 1

Elnur, Ibrahim

Committee Member 2

Bahi, Riham


110 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item


I would like to express my sincere gratitude to my advisor Dr. Nadine Sika for the continuous support of my MA study and research, for her patience, motivation, enthusiasm, and immense knowledge. Her guidance helped me in all the time of research and writing of this thesis. I could not have imagined having a better advisor and mentor for my MA study. Besides my advisor, I would like to thank the rest of my thesis committee: Dr. Ibrahim Elnur and Dr. Riham Bahi, for their encouragement, insightful comments, and hard questions. In addition, I would like to thank Yomna Amr for her continuous support throughout my MA study. Nobody has been more important to me in the pursuit of this research than the members of my family. I would like to thank my parents, whose love and guidance are with me in whatever I pursue. They are the ultimate role models. Most importantly, I wish to thank my loving and supportive wife, Salma, and my adorable daughter, Nazly, who provide unending inspiration.