Gehad Hussein


The democratization process of countries all over the world after mass uprisings differs greatly. Some countries are confronted with extreme violence, while others remain peaceful. This thesis examines whether the amount of violence during mass uprisings leads to a longer democratization process and less inclusive elections in terms of voter base. It looks at the revolutions of 1989 in Eastern Europe which brought down the Communist bloc. The repercussions of the presence or lack of violence during the mass uprisings on the behavior of the population in each country is visible until this very day – with Romania and Bulgaria still struggling from subtle, but deep-rooted internal conflicts and discomfort with the concept of democracy, and Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovakia’s significant progress in the democratization process and gradual increase of substantially embracing democratic values.


Political Science Department

Degree Name

MA in Political Science

Graduation Date


Submission Date

May 2017

First Advisor

Koehler, Kevin

Committee Member 1

El Nur, Ibrahim

Committee Member 2

Sika, Nadine


99 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis


The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item