The aim of this thesis is to look at the concepts of imitation and originality in the works of al-Ḥājj ʿUmar ibn Abī Bakr ibn ʿUthmān Krachi (ca 1856–1934) through the analysis of his four poems. These poems are based on the three main genres of Arabic poetry: panegyric (madīḥ), satire (hijāʾ), and eulogy (rithāʾ). My analysis of these poems is limited to structure, theme and content in order to explore the various ways in which our author imitates the classical mode of poetic composition and at the same time provides his readers with a picture of a different cultural component. The thesis also includes an appendix of critical editions and translations of the four poems. I have edited the poems and suggested emendations where relevant.


Arab & Islamic Civilizations Department

Degree Name

MA in Arabic Studies

Graduation Date


Submission Date

June 2016

First Advisor

Talib, Adam

Committee Member 1

Ghazoul, Ferial

Committee Member 2

Muehlhaeusler, Mark


200 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Not necessary for this item