The objective of this research is to analyze the coping mechanisms that Syrian females head of household employ in Egypt in absence of survival strategies, and how different they are from the coping mechanisms employed by males head of household. The two questions I seek to answer through this research are : (1) What are the main challenges faced by Syrian female and male head of household in Egypt in five main areas: a. Safety and security b. Access to education c. Access to health services d. Social cohesion e. Access to economic opportunities and livelihoods (2) How do the coping mechanisms of Syrian female head of household differ from the male head of household in response to these challenges and the absence of survival strategies? My hypothesis is that in the absence of survival strategies, refugees resort to either positive or negative coping mechanisms as a response to challenges that face them in different areas of life. Female refugee head of household - often identified as one of the most vulnerable refugee groups- employ different coping mechanisms since they face gender-specific challenges than male head of household, a difference often ignored by academics, policy makers, and organizations providing services to the refugee community.


Political Science Department

Degree Name

MA in Political Science

Graduation Date


Submission Date

February 2016

First Advisor

ElNur, Ibrahim

Committee Member 1

ElMahdi, Rabab

Committee Member 2

Sika, Nadine



Document Type

Master's Thesis


The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item