This thesis investigates how integrated leadership mediated by organizational structure, affects organizational performance in three Egyptian public sector institutions. The aim of this research is to identify the key challenges in these three areas (leadership, organizational structure and performance) and provide recommendations for improvement. The study adopts a mixed method approach, including both quantitative and qualitative analysis. The qualitative element consisted of in-depth interviews of organizational leaders and participant observation. Employee surveys and interviews with leaders were conducted in three public organizations located in Greater Cairo. Two of these organizations are project implementations units (PIUs), whilst one is a traditional public sector bureaucracy. The findings of both the quantitative and qualitative analyses suggest that integrated leadership, mediated by a supportive organizational structure, positively enhances employee performance in the Egyptian public sector. To overcome the enduring problem of low performance in the public sector, this study recommends that policy makers focus on adopting elements of integrated leadership and enhancing a supportive non-bureaucratic public organization in the various public institutions, PIUs and parallel started structures.


School of Global Affairs and Public Policy


Public Policy & Administration Department

Degree Name

MA in Public Administration

Graduation Date

Spring 6-15-2021

Submission Date


First Advisor

Charles Kaye-Essien

Committee Member 1

Shahjahan Bhuiyan

Committee Member 2

Ghada Barsoum


71 p.

Document Type

Master's Thesis

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Approval has been obtained for this item