The Egyptian civil society is the biggest civil society in the region. The current law governing non-government organizations (NGOs) in Egypt is Law 84 of 2002. This law is considered by several scholars as highly restrictive law. Non-government organizations in Egypt have faced legal restrictions on their operations and struggled for years to meet the requirements of this law. This research assesses the impact of the law on Egyptian NGO operations and their ability to pursue their missions effectively. Six areas of impact were explored based on a typology of regulatory impact adapted from the literature. Several non-government organizations were interviewed to explore and analyze the difficulties that are hindering these NGOs from achieving their goals. A written questionnaire and interviews were conducted with human rights and educational/services non-government organizations to collect detailed information about the difficulties they are facing under the current law. This exploratory research points to differences between human rights and educational/service NGOs in problems they confront in compliance with Law 84.


Public Policy & Administration Department

Graduation Date


Submission Date

July 2010

First Advisor

Bremer, Jennifer



Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Human rights -- Egypt.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Non-governmental organizations -- Egypt.


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Not necessary for this item