My thesis applies a historical materialist and dialectical analysis to the study of IR by holding the moment of the 1980s as temporally stable to study the debate between Neorealism and Neoliberalism (Neo-Neo debate). I ask two foundational and interrelated questions: 1) how are the material conditions of the neoliberal moment dialectically related to the reassertion of bourgeois mental conceptions in International Relations?; and 2) how does the ontology of dominant IR theory, understood as the Neo-Neo debate, lead to the exclusion of class analysis altogether? By studying the dialectical relations of the material context and the Neo-Neo debate, I argue that the reassertion of bourgeois mental conceptions, through the fetishistic individual ontology of the Neo-Neo debate in IR, contributes to the restoration of class power and extends the trajectory of capitalismâ€™s survival in the neoliberal moment, by effectively denying the existence of class relations on a global scale. IR and its developments must be recognized as peculiar in, corresponding to and co-evolving with the historical moment that naturalizes its conceptualizations of the international order and as dialectically related to the material conditions of that historical moment. Only by doing so, is a move away from this fetishistic view, and towards a post-IR study of global relations based on a social ontology, made possible.
Political Science Department
MA in Political Science
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(2015).The dialectics of the neo-neo debate in the neoliberal moment [Master’s thesis, the American University in Cairo]. AUC Knowledge Fountain.
Kassem, Sarrah. The dialectics of the neo-neo debate in the neoliberal moment. 2015. American University in Cairo, Master's thesis. AUC Knowledge Fountain.