This thesis is an attempt to address the politics of generational gaps within Muslim Brotherhood Movement in Egypt since mid 1980s till 2011. It sheds light on patterns of generational interactions, issues of concern, and their impact on the future trajectory of the Movement. It conceptually employs the Generational Unit Model, drawn largely from the work of Karl Mannheim. In doing so, the study applies focused semi-structured interviews with the movement's affiliated members from antagonistic generational units. The study addresses the socioeconomic and political context that shape the consciousness of two generational waves within the movement. It descriptively addresses the nature of generational relationship between some of the 1970s generation, young Brothers, and the movement's leadership. It denotes reasons behind the establishment of new political organizations including The Center party (Al Wasat), The Egyptian Current Party (Al Tayar al Masry), and The Renaissance Party (Al Nahda Party). The study highlights different perceptions and schools of thought shared by Brothers towards social reality, and tools of reforming the movement and the Egyptian political system.


Political Science Department

Degree Name

MA in Political Science

Graduation Date


Submission Date

May 2012

First Advisor

Raouf, Heba

Second Advisor

Al Shrief, Ashraf



Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Jamʻīyat al-Ikhwān al-Muslimīn (Egypt)

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Islam and politics -- Egypt.


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Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

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I am grateful to Allah who gave me the interest in what I did and the power to keep going till the end. Psychology confidently explains how introvert people get the power and satisfaction from their inner egos, however, humans, both introvert and extrovert, would not go on their way without others' support and help. Thus, I am immensely thankful to many people to get this study done. I am grateful to my thesis advisor Professor Heba Raouf for her wise advices and insights especially at critical times of thesis writing. I appreciate her trust in my capabilities, skills, and optimism that I would be able to get everything done on time. I am so thankful to my academic readers: Professor Ashraf Al Shrief, and Professor Ahmed Abd Rabou for their critical insights and comments. I am indebted to Abd al Rahman Ayyash for his insights on my drafted proposal and help in reaching most of my key informants. He tireless answered all my inquires and was a true supportive assistant. Graditutes should be delivered for Somaia M.El Sayed for her sincere advices and help during the editing phase. I owe my informants who welcomed all my questions and provided me with all required materials. I also would like to thank Mrs. Di Hosny for her dedication and sincere help in all paper work associated with my Master's degree. She was always ready to make my life easy and never get tired of my frequent questions. Of course, I devote special thanks to my parents and lovely sister who believed in me and did their best to make me who I am. Without the love and guidance of some close friends I would not be able to overcome many hard times; I deeply owe you.