Governability or social order is a multi-faceted phenomenon where different actors, state, society and ruling regime, interact on daily basis. Sometimes, it is the regime that is blamed for the weak intensity of governance. Sometimes, it is the cultural setting and social norms that are accused of being anti-state. Culture in Upper Egypt has always been blamed for the inability of the police force to penetrate society and uphold rule of law. This piece of research tackled the phenomenon of tha'r as part of a bigger phenomenon of informal means of conflict resolution and the weak state penetration in society. The essence of "statenessâ is its ability to enforce rule of law. Resorting to informality is a regime strategy to weaken the state. The regime compromised the role of the when it, first, it gave more power to customary forms of conflict resolution despite Egypt's long legal and constitutional heritage. Second, it weakened the police force from the inside in ways that affected its ability perform its duty. Third, it made the security institution assume a political role in service of the ruling regime instead of achieving security.


Political Science Department

Degree Name

MA in Political Science

Graduation Date


Submission Date

January 2012

First Advisor

Soliman, Samer



Document Type

Master's Thesis

Library of Congress Subject Heading 1

Vendetta -- Egypt.

Library of Congress Subject Heading 2

Egypt -- Social life and customs.


The author retains all rights with regard to copyright. The author certifies that written permission from the owner(s) of third-party copyrighted matter included in the thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study has been obtained. The author further certifies that IRB approval has been obtained for this thesis, or that IRB approval is not necessary for this thesis. Insofar as this thesis, dissertation, paper, or record of study is an educational record as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 USC 1232g), the author has granted consent to disclosure of it to anyone who requests a copy.

Institutional Review Board (IRB) Approval

Not necessary for this item